Waste Management in India
Why is it so difficult to manage waste in India whereas many other countries are doing it very effectively?
Mentality of people
People find it easy to throw anywhere far from our place. don't really care about what others have to do with it. We don't make an effort to segregate it.
2. Lack of processing plants
We don't have enough waste processing plants in India. Local people also doesn't allow to start a processing plant near their residence, because of smell and health issues that can be caused.
What can be done?
Is it possible to create an island for waste management?
Such Islands where no one lives can be used for starting waste management plants.
RRR (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) is the worldwide motto of Waste Management to minimize, reuse and recycle.
In our country, too, it goes by the same motto, but the way waste collection is done is not very effective.
It is not uncommon for a newcomer to a city not to know where to put their waste and throwing it away in a cage to avoid their waste.
To avoid this, public waste collection sites are being brought in, including in our country, but the waste is not being dumped properly and therefore cannot be disposed of. This is because the amount of waste coming from a city per day is in tons. All you have to do is set up a box or box-like system for each type of waste item. Still the problem there is that when people see it as a place to put waste, they put everything in one place.
One solution to this is the Complimentary Gift Vouchers for the Waste system that has been introduced by many countries around the world today.
The Indian Railway is an example of this in our country. They had given Rs 2 back to those who returned the bottle of Rail neer drink.
Reusable, Recyclable, Disposable Give Waste and persuade people to turn.
If this is done in a good way, it will make government waste management a little easier.
Plastics, bottles, etc. fall into the Recyclable Category. If you give them back to existing companies, they will make it a new product and put it on the market.
The most important thing to pay attention to is the disposal of the waste. How to dispose of them in an environmentally friendly manner is the most important part of this.
Waste to Energy incineration plants
The idea is to generate electricity from disposable waste. Not something new but something that can be tried in our country as well. The country of Singapore is being used as a model for this.
Waste is burned at high temperatures and the resulting energy is used to make steam and large turbines generate electricity. The Flue Gas Cleaning System is used to remove harmful substances from the combustion gases, which are expelled through pipes 150 m high. The surplus ash is deposited on one side of the sea and turned into an island and left to tourists. Plants and trees grow normally there.